Congress Blocks Presidential Power to Withdraw U.S. from NATO Without Approval

Written by Jeppe W

Dec.15 - 2023 9:14 AM CET


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Congress Blocks Presidential Power to Withdraw U.S. from NATO Without Approval

The U.S. Congress has taken a significant step to ensure the stability of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by passing a law that prevents any U.S. president from unilaterally withdrawing the country from the alliance.

This measure, which highlights Congress' commitment to NATO, was included in the annual National Defence Appropriations Act passed on December 14 and is expected to be signed by President Joe Biden.

The bipartisan initiative, led by Democratic Senator Tim Kaine and Republican Senator Marco Rubio, comes in response to former President Donald Trump's critical stance on NATO during his tenure.

Trump's ambiguous statements about the alliance had raised concerns about the possibility of the U.S. abandoning its commitments to NATO's mutual defense agreement or withdrawing from the alliance altogether.

Senator Kaine emphasized the importance of NATO, particularly in light of Russian President Vladimir Putin's war in Ukraine and growing global challenges. He stated that the law reaffirms the U.S. support for the Alliance, which is fundamental to American national security, and sends a strong signal to authoritarian regimes worldwide that the free world remains united.

Senator Rubio echoed this sentiment, stressing the need to protect U.S. national interests and the security of democratic allies. He highlighted that Trump's tough statements and criticism of the alliance have spurred member states to fulfill their commitments to defense spending, which helps ease the financial burden on the United States.

In the backdrop of this development, the U.S. Congress approved a record defense budget, allocating $886 billion for fiscal year 2024, including $300 million for Ukraine. However, Biden's request for additional funding to aid Ukraine has not been approved yet, due to resistance from some Republicans. Additionally, the refusal of the House Speaker to extend the work of the House of Representatives before Christmas has delayed the passage of this bill.

The new legislation represents a significant move in safeguarding the integrity of NATO and the United States' role within it, ensuring that any decision to alter this relationship will require broader consensus rather than a unilateral presidential decision.