Emergency Declared in Russian Region Due to African Swine Fever

Written by Kathrine Frich

Jul.11 - 2024 10:06 AM CET

Photo: Shutterstock
Photo: Shutterstock
The introduction of the emergency regime comes as authorities work to contain the outbreak

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An emergency situation has been declared in the Kanevskoy District of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, following an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF).

No Cure or Vaccine

According to Lenta this decision was prompted by a significant outbreak at the "Kanevskoy Bacon" agricultural complex, which houses 9,000 pigs, seven of which have already succumbed to the disease, according to reports from the Telegram channel Mash.

The introduction of the emergency regime comes as authorities work to contain the outbreak and prevent further spread. In the Kanevskoy District, a state of heightened readiness has been implemented, while in the nearby Pridorozhnoye village, where the affected enterprise is located, a full emergency regime is now in effect.

ASF is a highly contagious viral disease that affects domestic and wild pigs. It is caused by a DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family. The disease can spread through direct contact with infected pigs, contact with contaminated feed, equipment, or clothing, and even through certain tick species.

ASF has no cure or vaccine, making it a severe threat to the pig farming industry. The mortality rate for infected pigs can reach 100%, leading to significant economic losses and food security issues.

Stringent Biosecurity Measures

The recent outbreak in Krasnodar Krai highlights the ongoing risk ASF poses to global agriculture. The virus's ability to persist in the environment and in pork products makes it exceptionally challenging to control. Stringent biosecurity measures are crucial to prevent its spread, including the culling of infected and at-risk animals, movement restrictions, and rigorous sanitation protocols.

This incident is not isolated. Earlier, the Saratov region declared an emergency due to frost damage to crops. Additionally, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) had previously been under a regional emergency regime.

The measures in Krasnodar Krai aim to control the ASF outbreak, with strict biosecurity protocols likely to be enforced to prevent the virus from spreading to other farms in the region. The Russian authorities are on high alert, working to mitigate the impacts of these agricultural crises and protect the region's livestock and economy.